17PEPE09 DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND MICROGRID

Syllabus:
UNIT I - INTRODUCTION
Conventional power generation: advantages and disadvantages, Energy crises, Non- conventional energy (NCE) resources: review of Solar PV, Wind Energy systems, Fuel Cells, micro-turbines, biomass, and tidal sources.

UNIT II - DISTRIBUTED GENERATIONS (DG)   
Concept of distributed generations, topologies, selection of sources, regulatory standards/ framework, Standards for interconnecting Distributed resources to electric power systems: IEEE 1547. DG installation classes, security issues in DG implementations. Energy storage elements: Batteries, ultra-capacitors, flywheels. Captive power plants

UNIT III - IMPACT OF GRID INTEGRATIO      
Requirements for grid interconnection, limits on operational parameters,: voltage, frequency, THD, response to grid abnormal operating conditions, islanding issues. Impact of grid integration with NCE sources on existing power system: reliability, stability and power quality issues.

UNIT IV - BASICS OF A MICROGRID        
Concept  and definition of  microgrid, microgrid drivers  and  benefits, review of  sources of microgrids, typical structure and configuration of a microgrid, AC and DC microgrids, Power Electronics interfaces in DC and AC microgrids

UNIT V - CONTROL AND OPERATION OF MICROGRID   

Modes of operation and control of microgrid: grid connected and islanded mode, Active and reactive power control, protection issues, anti-islanding schemes: passive, active and communication  based  techniques,  microgricommunication  infrastructure,  Power  quality issues in microgrids, regulatory standards, Microgrid economics, Introduction to smart microgrids.


OUTCOMES:
  1. Explain the different technological options for use in mini-grid systems including PV, wind, fuel cell Biomass and Tidal.
  2. Outline the impacts of DG on system protection

REFERENCES:
  1. Amirnaser Yezdani, and Reza Iravani, Voltage Source Converters in Power Systems: Modeling, Control and Applications”, IEEE John Wiley Publications, 2010.
  2. Dorin Neacsu, Power Switching Converters: Medium and High Power”, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 2006
  3. Chetan Singh Solanki, “Solar Photo Voltaics, PHI learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2009.
  4. J.F. Manwell, J.G. McGowan Wind Energy Explained, theory design and applications, Wiley publication 2010.
  5. D. D. Hall and R. P. Grover, Biomass Regenerable Energy, John Wiley, New York, 1987.
  6. John Twidell and Tony Weir, Renewable Energy Resources” Taylor and Francis Publications, Second edition 2006.




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